deIce477TM: A New Generation of Advanced Deicing Material
with Ultimate Efficiency

Evaluation of deIce477TM Feasibility and Potential Market Impact by Jay Mondal, PhD

deIce477TM is a new generation energy efficient advanced deicing composite material deiceingpic2developed from 21st century advanced material “graphene”, which is a single layer 2D pure carbon sheet synthesized from natural graphite. The deIce477TM is a newly developed 3D graphene foam – polymer composite that can deice aircraft with superior deicing efficiency. The deIce477TM is a highly thermal and electrically conductive, mechanically strong, chemically stable and lightweight composite that possesses high efficiency current induced deicing capability.

deIce477TM is an efficient and fast heat spreading element that requires a substantially small amount of energy to deice an entire aircraft or any apparatus subjected to extreme cold temperatures in a very short period. Current comparable deicing materials available in the market take a significantly longer period of time to deice aircraft, resulting in higher energy consumption and are less efficient and effective in melting formed ice layers in flight. deIce477TM reduces such risks.

Even more essential is that current deicing materials present proven significant environmental and health threats, including the indiscriminate release of toxic substances and non-biodegradable materials; pollutants that increase the carbon footprint at much higher levels and, consequently, result in a threat to human health.

Replacing current available materials with deIce477TM can cut aircraft deicing time significantly. More importantly, it will reduce the present environmental and health threat to its lowest level by reducing the carbon footprint which, subsequently, prevents release of toxic substances and materials. deIce477TM is a proven advanced technology and ready to use on any apparatus that is exposed to extremely cold environments.

Commercial Application:
(a) Commercial airplane deicing
(b) Private jet deicing
(c) Air cargo deicing
(d) Wind Turbine deicing
(e) Military & defense aircraft and equipment deicing
(f) Railroad switchers and gears

Advantage and Market Comparison:
(a) deIce477TM is a new generation advanced deicing composite material and technology with significantly improved thermal and electrical conductivity compared to the current available materials and technology for the same purpose.
(b) deIce477TM deicing technology reduces total deicing energy consumption remarkably compared to current available technology in the market.
(c) This new generation advanced composite has much improved mechanical properties and physical stability compared to materials currently being used for aircraft deicing.
(d) deIce477TM composite has remarkable chemical and structural stability. This remarkable stability of the composite can withstand thousands of temperature and pressure cycles over an aircraft’s lifetime.
(e) deIce477TM composite is biodegradable, reducing the carbon footprint to the lowest possible level compared to current materials available on the market. Its biodegradable properties also lower human health concerns notably.
(f) This deIce477TM technology can be easily incorporated on the aircraft and replaced when needed. The technology can be used in other deicing applications as well.
(g) The invented deicing technology and material will reduce total aircraft maintenance costs notably.
(h) Wind turbines lose over 70% of their efficiency in ice-cold weather and a comparable rate of loss of efficiency in their sluggish motors.
(i) deIce477TM is protected by a PCT (Global) patent.

Technology in deIce477TM:
(a) The deIce477TM is a US and Global (PCT) patented technology.
(b) The deIce477TM technology uses an advanced lightweight, newly developed composite with remarkably high thermal and electrical conductivity.
(c) This new generation composite is developed using conductive 3D graphene foam and PDMS polymer.
(d) The PDMS polymer is heavily used in aerospace industry due to its strong ability to absorb stresses induced by frequent thermal and weather cycling. This PSDS polymer is also known for its strong oxidation resistance, and chemical and physical stability.
(e) The 3D graphene foam used in this composite formulation has high thermal and electrical conductivity. The 3D graphene foam itself exhibits remarkable deicing efficiency.
(f) This patented deIce477TM advanced technology and material possesses very unique properties and characteristics that make deicing processes remarkably efficient and cost-effective.

Current Status:
(a) The patented deIce477TM is lab-ready to prove its viability.
(b) A sample can be prepared and provided for testing upon agreement.
(c) This deIce477TM technology and material can be modified to any apparatus
if required.